<< BACK

HARYANA OPERATIONAL PILOT PROJECT (HOPP)

Background :

The twin problems of waterlogging and soil salinity are threatening the sustainability of agricultural production in large parts of Haryana State. This is because of the fact that alarming rise in the water table is causing a threat to the highly productive agricultural land of the State. According to a rough estimate, an area of about 3.50 lakh hect. is either waterlogged or salt affected. Out of this, about 50,000 hect. is under critical condition.

To tackle problem of salinity and waterlogging, a pilot project namely “Haryana Operational Pilot Project” (HOPP) was started in the State in October, 1994 with the support of Govt. of Netherlands.

The Department of Agriculture was designated as the Nodal Department for the HOPP with the soil conservation office as implementing agency.

Aims & Objectives of HOPP    

The specific HOPP objectives are:

The transfer of technology (equipment, knowledge and skills) relating to the reclamation of waterlogged and saline land in Haryana.

The construction and operation of two horizontal subsurface drainage schemes (Gohana and Kalayat), each of about 1,000 hect.

The creation of the nucleus of an organization in Haryana capable of:

- implementing subsurface drainage systems on about 2500 hec. Per year and maintaining the resulting drainage network.

- attracting sufficient funds for the purchase of additional equipment, the actual construction of
drainage systems and for hiring the required staff.

- The participation of farmers in the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of the
subsurface drainage systems.

- The environmentally sound disposal of the saline drainage effluent of the pilot areas.

Activities

The major activity under project is laying of horizontal subsurface drainage system in waterlogged/saline area with the help of drainage trencher. In the system, perforated corrugated PVC pipes are laid horizontally at a depth of 1.7m-3.00 meters of the affected land for leaching of salty water from the plant root zone.

Apart from this, the participation of beneficiaries in the planning, operation and maintenance of the system is also ensured by forming farmer’s Drainage Societies so as to create a sense of ownership amongst them.

Physical & financial achievements

1. Average cost of laying S.S.D. system=Rs.35,000 to 40,000 per hect.(approx.)

2. Total area covered under the project

Gohana: 1253 hect.

Kalayat: 746 hect.

Total : 1999 hect.

3. Villages covered Gohana: Katwal, Bali, Moi & Rewara

Kalayat: Kalayat, Kheri Lamba, Koli Khan.

4. Financial achievements

A total amount of Rs.12.70 crore has been spent upto 2002-2003. Year wise details of
expenditure is as under : -

(Rs. in lakh)

Year

Financial Assistance

Govt. of Haryana Share

Total

1994-95

12.26

0.09

12.35

1995-96

14.26

9.08

23.34

1996-97

161.16

21.27

182.43

1997-98

160.75

31.45

192.20

1998-99

136.03

64.19

200.22

1999-2000

51.87

68.49

120.36

2000-2001

69.55

61.00

130.55

2001-2002

81.99

76.69

158.68

2002-2003

187.50

62.50

250.00

Total

875.37

394.76

1270.13

            In addition to the above an another amount about Rs.12.5 crore has been spent directly by ARCADIS EURO consult of the project for trainings (internal & external) and import of drainage trencher and allied equipment which is presently being used in the Sub Surface Drainage works in the State.

Based upon the success and expertise developed by the department from the above HOPP project, Ministry of Rural Development, Govt of India have already sanctioned four Pilot Projects to be executed in the state at a total cost of Rs 19.06 crores. Under these projects, an area of 4600 ha which has been severely affected by water logging/salinity would be developed through Sub Surface Drainage System in the districts of Jhajjar, Bhiwani,Sirsa and Sonipat. The cost sharing would be 60:30:10 amongst Govt of India, State Govt. and beneficiaries for “work component” only. The work in Kalayat (II) has been completed wherein an area of 407 ha has been reclaimed through S.S.D. technique.

 

In the Central and South-Western parts of Haryana, underground water is mostly not fit for irrigation. Therefore, to meet the irrigation requirements, canal irrigation is being used. As a result of less withdrawal of the ground water and more recharge from surface irrigation, the water table in the area over a period of time has come up on the surface, along with salts. Water logging leads to salinity problems. This has adversely affected the crop production. To maintain sustainable production, reclamation of saline and waterlogged soils is needed. According to rough estimate, about 4.00 lakh hectares area in the State is affected with this problem, out of which about 40,000 hectare is under critical condition i.e. water table within  0-1.5 meter.

                                The saline and waterlogged area occurred along with the canals due to seepage and mainly falls under the districts of Rohtak, Jhajjar, Sonepat, ,Bhiwani, Hisar, Jind , Sirsa,  Fatehabad & Mewat,. The reclamation of such soil may be carried out by drainage i.e. surface drainage, bio-drainage, vertical drainage & horizontal drainage (Sub Surface Drainage).  The Sub Surface Drainage work undertaken by the Agri.Department.

A.  INDO-DUTCH PROJECT

                A project for the reclamation of water logged and saline lands in Haryana was started with the technical & financial assistance of Govt. of Netherland in October, 1994 and it was named as Haryana Operational Pilot Project (HOPP). Under this project, an area of 2406 hect.  was reclaimed in Gohana (Sonepat) & Kalayat (Kaithal).  In Sub Surface Drainage System, perforated & corrugated PVC pipes are laid down horizontally with the trencher machine having automatic laser leveler at a depth 1.5 to 2.00 meter of small dia (Lateral) pipe and at 2.00 to 3.00 meter depth of big size dia (Collector) pipe. The lateral pipe are wrapped with filter material and collector wrapped with nylon socks and these pipes are joined to a sump. The dissolved salts of surface and root zone are leached down in these perforated pipes and collected in a sump from where this salty water is lifted and drained out in a drain/canal. Technically, this system has proved very good for reclamation of saline and water logged soils.

B.UNDER MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT (MORD) (GOI+STATE) SCHEME.

                                After the success of the Indo-Dutch Project in Gohana & Kalayat area, Govt. of India, Ministry of Rural Development were sanctioned four projects with a cost of Rs.19.06 crore for covering an area of 4600 hectare in Sonepat, Jhajjar Bhiwani & Sirsa districts. Deptt. has reclaimed 3325 hectare land.   Three Trenching machines are working on three different sites at a time. The work in Bhiwani & Sirsa sites was entrusted to HLRDC. The share of Govt. of India & State Govt. was in the ratio of 60:30 while 10% contribution from the farmers was being made. The cost of reclamation with the laying out of SSD System comes around Rs. 55000 per hectare (approx).

C. RKVY PROJECT

1) Fatehabad project

                                In district Fatehabad, a project of 600 hectares and a sum of  Rs. 285.00 lakh for the reclamation of Saline & water logged area was approved under RKVY scheme during the year 2008-09. The construction/pipe lying work in 277 hect. has been completed  in village Banmandori the rest area of the  village Gorakhpur & Kumarian  was left due to area fall under proposed  Nuclear Plant.  This work was also entrusted to HLRDC and now both Trenching Machines have been taken back from HLRDC.

2-Jhajjar-II Project

                                 A project for covering 1000  hectare and a sum of Rs. 475.00 lakh for reclamation of Saline & Water logged area in village Wazirpur, Baghpur and Beri of district Jhajjar Phase-II was approved under RKVY scheme during the year 2009-10.  The construction/pipe laying work in 1034 hect. area in village  Wazirpur, Bagpur & Beri-Khas has been completed and the remaining civil work  of project is in progress.

3-Palwal Project

                                In district Palwal a project covering  700 hectare and a sum of Rs. 435.00 lakh was approved under RKVY scheme during the year 2010-11.  The construction/lying of pipe  work  in 351 hect. area in Village Kanoli, Madkola and Kheri Jeeta have been completed and the remaining civil  work is in progress & rest area is left due to farmers are not interested.

4-Rohtak Project

                                A project covering 1000 hect. and a sum of Rs. 585.00 lakh has been  approved  in May 2011-12  by SLSC under RKVY for reclamation of Saline & Water logged area in Village Mokhra. Construction and laying of pipes in 384 hect. area is completed and the remaining SSD work is in progress.

5-Jind Project

                                A project covering 600 hect. and a sum of Rs. 351.00 lakh has been  approved  in May 2011-12 by SLSC under RKVY scheme  for reclamation of  Saline & Water logged area in village Siwanamal  & Gangana. Construction and laying of pipes in 285 hect. area is completed and the remaining SSD work is in progress. 

6- Sonepat-II SSD Project

                                A project covering 1000 hect. and a sum of Rs. 615.00 lakh has been  approved  in May 2012-13 by SLSC under RKVY scheme  for reclamation of  Saline & Water logged area in village Gharwal (Teh.Gohana) & Rs.180.00 lakh have approved for the current year. The prelimary work and planning for SSD work is in progress

                                The execution of SSD works is peculiar in nature and could be carried out in fallow fields i.e. during the months of April to June and for a short period in the months of October-November. The availability of fresh water and a surface drain are essential for laying out of this system.

BUDGET PROVISION FOR THE YEAR 2012-13

                                Under RKVY scheme a sum of Rs. 522.00 lakh for laying of Sub Surface Drainage (SSD) work in Rohtak (Rs.180.00 lakh), Jind (Rs.150.00 lakh), Palawal (Rs.12.00 lakh) and Sonepat-II (Rs.180.00 lakh) Project have been approved for the year 2012-13. Now the SSD work is being carried out by three Trenching Machines at a time at three different project sites by the department independently.  The strengthening of SSD project is required for covering the more area.                     

                                The detailed progress of SSD work under Indo Dutch, MORD and RKVY project is attached.


Cumulative  Progress of SSD Projects  for Reclamation of  Saline & Water Logged Soils in Haryana                                                                                      by Deptt. of Agriculture)                                              (upto July, 2012)

 A- SSD Achievements under Indo-Dutch (HOPP) Project                (Area in Hectare)              (Rs. In lakh) 

Sr. No.

Project

Villages

Nos. of Drainage Blocks

Area reclaimed

Amount released

Nos. of Benefici

aries

Remarks

 

 

 

 

 

GOI

State

 

 

1

Gohana

(Sonepat)

Moi, Bali, Katwal & Rewara

23

1253

Aided by Netherland

872

 

2

Kalayat (Kaithal)

Kherilamba, Kalayat, Kolekhan & Kurar

21

1153

Aided by Netherland

725

407 ha. (Rs. 45.72) under MMM Scheme By HLRDC) 

 

 

Total

44

2406

 

 

1597

 

  B-          SSD Achievements under M.O.R.D. Scheme (GOI +State Govt. Sharing basis)

Sr. No.

Project

Villages

Drainage Blocks

Area reclaimed

Amount released

Nos. of Beneficiaries

Remarks

GOI

State

1

Jhajjar

Berikhas,Beridopana, Gochhi, Dhandlan & Bakra

14

805

273.25

127.50

873

 

2.

Bhiwani

Achina, Loharwala, Jhinjar & Rawaldhi

16

904

295.06

127.50

963

By HLRDC

3.

Sirsa

Surtia, darba-Kalan  & Nathusri chaupta

12

479

126.39

98.96

180

By HLRDC

4.

Sonepat

Dhanana, Rindana, Jagsi

23

1137

126.39

98.96

836

 

 

Total

 

65

3325

821.09

452.92

2852

 

  C-          SSD  Achievements under RKVY Scheme

Sr. No.

Project

Villages

Drainage Blocks

Area reclaimed

Amount released

Nos. of Beneficiaries

Remarks

GOI

Stat

1

Fatehabad

Banmandori

10

277

144

-

130

By HLRDC

2

Jhajjar-II

Wazirpur, Baghpur & Beri

23

1034

340

-

615

Civil work is in progress

3

Palwal

Kanoli,  Madkola, Kherijeeta

10

351

265

-

172

Work in progress

4.

Rohtak

Mokhra Khas

7

384

155

 

130

Work is in progress.

5.

Jind

Siwanamal

7

285

160

-

120

Work is in progress.

 

Total:-

 

57

2331

1064

-

1167

 

 

G.Total: A+B+C

 

   166

2406+3325+ 2331=8062

 

 

        5366

 

Year-wise progress:                2005-06          2006-07           2007-08         2008-09          2009-10         2010-11          2011-12        2012-13

       In hect                                  506                   513                  189                 753                 639               620                  842              1060